Nao Tsuchiya was awarded a PhD at California Institute of Technology in 2006 and underwent postdoctoral training there until 2010. Receiving a JST grant from Japan, he went back to Japan in 2010. In 2012, he joined The School of Psychological Sciences at Monash University as an associate professor and then promoted to a professor in 2020.
His contribution to consciousness research includes development of continuous flash suppression (CFS) for which he received the William James Prize from Association of Scientific Studies of Consciousness (ASSC) in 2008, examination of relationship between consciousness and attention, and the analysis of neural recordings using multivariate decoding and integrated information measures. His current research focuses on the relationship between structures of consciousness and information.